Eye on Extremism, July 12, 2017

Reuters: Islamic State Tightens Grip On Village Near Mosul After Defeat
“Islamic State has captured most of a village south of Mosul despite losing control of its stronghold in the city, an Iraqi army officer and residents said, deploying guerrilla-style tactics as its self-proclaimed caliphate crumbles. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared victory over Islamic State in Mosul on Monday, marking the biggest defeat for the hardline Sunni group since its lightning sweep through northern Iraq three years ago. But the militants, armed with machine guns and mortars, have now seized more than 75 percent of Imam Gharbi, a village on the western bank of the Tigris river some 70 km (44 miles) south of Mosul, and reinforcements are expected, the Iraqi army officer said.”
Politico: Top U.S. General: No Evidence That Islamic State Leader Is Still Alive
“The top American commander in the fight against the Islamic State said Tuesday that the elusive leader of the terrorist group, who has been hunted for years, may finally appear to be, well, no longer alive. Army Lt. Gen. Stephen Townsend didn’t go so far as to say that he believes Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is dead, but he did acknowledge in a briefing with Pentagon reporters that he has not seen evidence that he is still around. ‘I really don’t know. … I don’t have reason to believe that he’s alive. I don’t have proof of life,’ Townsend said — the furthest U.S. officials have gone in the wake of repeated reports that the terrorist leader has been taken out.”
i24 News: Clear Cut:Top Trump diplomat dispatched to end Qatar crisis
“CEP Research Director Julie Shain discusses the ongoing diplomatic and economic standoff between Qatar and its neighbors over Qatar’s funding and support for extremist groups”
Haaretz: Qatar Vows Support For Hamas In Gaza, Hours After Deal With U.S. To Stop Funding Terror
“A Qatari envoy says the energy-rich nation will continue development projects in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, despite a rift with its Gulf neighbors stemming in part from its ties with the Islamic militant group. Mohammed El-Amadi spoke Tuesday as he signed a new agreement with a Palestinian contractor to build eight residential buildings. Qatar has been the largest single donor to Gaza over the past five years, disbursing about a half billion dollars for housing, reconstruction, infrastructure development, and health projects.”
Newsweek: They Wanted To Make It Better: Americans Killed By Isis In Syria Wanted To Stop Islamic State
“The Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) announced Tuesday the deaths of three foreign volunteers, two from the U.S. and one from the U.K., amid the U.S.-backed force’s campaign to defeat the Islamic State militant group (ISIS) in its de facto capital of Raqqa, Syria. The YPG’s press office said that 28-year-old Robert Grodt of California and 22-year-old Luke Rutter of Birkenhead, U.K. were killed during an ISIS ambush late Wednesday in the suburbs of Raqqa, while 29-year-old Nicholas Warden of New York later succumbed to fatal injuries sustained the same day, according to The Guardian. The YPG is a major part of the Syrian Democratic Forces, a Kurd-dominated coalition of Arabs and ethnic minorities that serve as the U.S.’s primary partner in the more than eight-month-long campaign to eradicate ISIS in northern Syria.”
Newsweek: Syria: Rebels Claim To Shoot Down Assad Warplane Near Russia And U.S. Ceasefire Zone
“Syrian rebels claim to they have downed a Syrian government aircraft in the country’s south, near the ceasefire zone agreed Sunday between Russia and the United States. The Ahmad al-Abdo Force operating in Syria’s southeast said it shot down the plane in regime controlled territory Tuesday. ‘We have no information about the pilot,’ Fares al-Munjed, communications head for the rebels told AFP. The U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported the plane was shot down near a village in an area bordering Damascus and Sweida.”
NPR: What It’s Like To Come Home After Fleeing From Boko Haram
“In 2014, Boko Haram seized the town of Gwoza in northeast Nigeria, killing hundreds of people. The insurgents declared that Gwoza would be the seat of their self-proclaimed caliphate. It was a perfect place for them, protected by a mountainside, with caves and tunnels for hiding out. The terror network’s fighters held the town for only a few months before the Nigerian army drove them out. Gwoza is now firmly under military control. Some residents who fled have returned. And there’s been an influx of newcomers who’ve been uprooted, often multiple times, by the violence of Boko Haram.”
United States
The Washington Post: Events That Led To Arrest Of Army Soldier On Terror Charges
“After years of red flags and reprimands by the U.S. Army, the FBI took an active-duty soldier into custody on terrorism charges over the weekend. The yearlong federal investigation that led to his arrest involved multiple undercover agents and confidential informants. Sgt. 1st Class Ikaika Kang made an initial appearance Monday in federal court. Here’s a look at a timeline of events that took Kang from his home in Hawaii to wars in the Middle East and eventually on to a federal detention center facing terrorism charges, accused of pleading allegiance to the Islamic State group and wanting to commit a mass shooting.”
Business Insider: The US Military Has Released The First Footage Of Marine Artillery Striking ISIS In Syria
“US Marines have been on the ground in Syria since March, when a detachment from an amphibious task force arrived in the country, where they joined US special-operations forces to support US partner forces. The Marine units deployed to Syria included elements of an artillery battery that can fire 155-millimeter shells from M777 Howitzers. The military has already released footage and photos of Marines in Syria firing their howitzers in support of local coalition partners during their advance on Raqqa, ISIS’ self-declared capital in northwest Syria.”
Reuters: U.S. Judge Halts Deportation Of Iraqi Immigrants
“A U.S. judge on Tuesday ruled that the government cannot immediately deport nearly 200 Iraqi immigrants arrested last month who argued they would face persecution if they were removed from the country. U.S. District Judge Mark Goldsmith in Michigan said he had the authority to order the government to keep the Iraqis in the county while their deportation cases were reviewed by the courts. In his ruling, Goldsmith said sending the Iraqis back now would expose them to a ‘substantiated risk of death, torture, or other grave persecution before their legal claims can be tested in a court.’”
Forbes: Malaysia To Mindanao: Where ISIS Is Finding A Toehold In Asia
“ISIS is also finding recruits in Philippines, where largely impoverished Muslims make up a religious majority in some pockets of the majority Catholic country. ISIS has named Isnilon Hapilon, a leader in the 26-year-old Abu Sayyaf kidnapping group based in the Philippine Sulu Sea islets, its ‘emir’ for Southeast Asia, the policy nonprofit Counter Extremism Project says. Government officials suspect ISIS recruits are helping another Philippine rebel group that troops have been fighting in the southern city Marawi since late May. The Philippines is becoming the ‘most significant’ spot for ISIS and its role in Marawi looms as a ‘threat to Asia,’ says Rohan Gunaratna, security studies professor at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies at Nanyang Technology University in Singapore.”
Reuters: Rebels Strike Syrian Warplane East Of Damascus
“A Western-backed rebel group in Syria and a monitor of the conflict there said rebels fired anti-aircraft machine guns at a Syrian military jet on Tuesday, damaging the plane, about 80 km (50 miles) east of Damascus. Western-backed rebels had also hit another Syrian military jet last month, causing it to crash. It was not clear if the plane hit on Tuesday had crashed, said Saad al-Haj, spokesman for Jaish Osoud al-Sharqiya rebel group. ‘The men targeted the plane, they saw smoke coming out of it,’ he said. ‘It withdrew backwards toward the regime’s areas.’ There was no immediate comment from the Syrian military.”
Reuters: Syrian Observatory Says It Has ‘Confirmed Information’ That Islamic State Chief Is Dead
“The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights told Reuters on Tuesday that it had ‘confirmed information’ that Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has been killed. The report came just days after the Iraqi army recaptured the last sectors of the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, which Baghdadi’s forces overran almost exactly three years ago. Russia’s Defence Ministry said in June that it might have killed Baghdadi when one of its air strikes hit a gathering of Islamic State commanders on the outskirts of the Syrian city of Raqqa. But Washington said it could not corroborate the death and Western and Iraqi officials have been skeptical. Reuters could not independently verify Baghdadi’s death.”
BBC News: Iraq Mosul: Anti-IS Forces Used Excessive Firepower – Amnesty
“Iraqi and Coalition forces fighting Islamic State (IS) militants in the Iraqi city of Mosul used unnecessarily powerful weapons, human rights group Amnesty International says. They are accused of deploying heavy weapons in densely populated areas. A Coalition spokesperson told the BBC that Amnesty’s report on Mosul was ‘irresponsible and an insult’. The report also documented major abuses by IS, including the use of human shields and summary executions. It said IS had deliberately killed hundreds – possibly thousands – of men, women and children attempting to flee, and left bodies to hang from electricity pylons as a warning to others.”
CNN: Is The Fall Of Mosul The Fall Of ISIS?
“The tidal wave of tens of thousands of ‘foreign fighters’ that once flocked from around the Muslim world and beyond to ISIS’ black banners has slowed to a trickle. Estimates cited by The Washington Post suggest that the flow of foreign recruits to ISIS had dropped from a high of 2,000 a month to 50 a month by last fall. Few foreign militants want to join the losing team. On Monday, Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared the defeat of ISIS in Mosul, the second-largest city in Iraq and the place where three years ago the terror group first announced its self-styled caliphate.”
Reuters: Turkish Police Kill Five In Raid On Islamic State Cell
“Turkish police killed five Islamic State militants in a raid on a house in the central city of Konya on Wednesday and four police were slightly wounded, the provincial governor’s office said. Special forces police launched the operation at the house in the Meram district of the city at 5:15 a.m. (0215 GMT) because they believed the militant cell was planning an attack, the private Dogan news agency said. It said there were suspicions that those killed may have been planning to target events being held this week to commemorate the first anniversary of an attempted military coup in Turkey on July 15.”
Reuters: Turkey Detains Dozens Of Tech Staff Suspected Of Coup Links: Agency
“Turkish authorities have ordered the arrest of 105 people working in information technology on suspicion of involvement in an attempted military coup a year ago, state-run Anadolu news agency reported on Tuesday. Over the last year, there has been a large number of police operations targeting people suspected of links to the U.S.-based Islamic cleric Fethullah Gulen, whom Ankara accuses of orchestrating the failed putsch on July 15. In the latest operations focused on IT employees in both the private and public sectors, police have so far detained 52 people out of the 105 targeted by arrest warrants across eight provinces, including former staff from Turkey’s scientific research council TUBITAK and a telecommunications authority, Anadolu said.”
BBC News: President Erdogan Tells BBC: EU Wastes Turkey’s Time
“Turkey will find it ‘comforting’ if the EU says it cannot be accepted as a member, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has told the BBC. Speaking to HARDtalk’s Zeinab Badawi, he said Turkey was ‘able to stand on its own two feet’. He also denied that the country has jailed 150 journalists, saying only two people with press cards were in prison. His claim came as Turkey extended the detention of the local director of Amnesty International and nine others. Idil Eser was detained on 5 July during a digital security and information management workshop, along with seven other rights activists and two foreign trainers.”
Reuters: Commentary: The Road To Afghanistan Peace Does Not Lie In Kabul
“Given wide-ranging authority by the Trump White House to determine its own course of action, the Pentagon is now considering troop levels in Afghanistan. But as the U.S. administration decides on a military strategy, the last 16 years have shown that Washington cannot rely solely on its troops to secure the Afghan state or stop groups like the Taliban from using the country as a base for attacks against the West. The U.S. must pursue political solutions as well. For Washington, that task includes looking beyond buttressing the Kabul regime to engaging with major regional powers, namely Pakistan, China, and India.”
Reuters: Cholera May Accelerate Famine In Yemen As Resources Shift: U.N.
“Yemen’s growing cholera epidemic may accelerate looming famine, as limited resources are shifted away from malnutrition and other programs to try to contain the disease, the top U.N. aid official in the country said on Tuesday. A two-year war between Houthi rebels aligned with Iran and a Western-backed Saudi-led coalition has led to a ‘system-wide collapse in the economy’ and health system, said Jamie McGoldrick, U.N. humanitarian coordinator for Yemen. Some 313,533 suspected cholera cases and 1,732 deaths have been recorded since the outbreak began in late April, according to the latest U.N. figures that show a ‘spike’, he said.”
Reuters: Qatar Says More Turkish Troops Have Arrived At Military Base
“Qatar said on Tuesday more Turkish troops had arrived at a military base in Doha after Ankara fast-tracked legislation last month for more soldiers to be deployed there.  Training has been ongoing since June 19. The base in Qatar houses Turkish soldiers under an agreement signed in 2014. Ankara has backed Qatar after Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, cut all economic and diplomatic ties this month, accusing Doha of supporting terrorism, a charge it denies. ‘This defense cooperation between Doha and Ankara is part of their common defense vision to support anti terrorism efforts and maintain security and stability in the region,’ a statement by Qatar’s Armed Forces said.”
Reuters: Egypt Says Qatar Should Be Kicked Out Of Anti Islamic State Coalition
“A U.S.-led coalition against Islamic State should not have member states that support terrorism, Egypt said in a coalition meeting held in Washington in reference to Qatar. ‘It is unacceptable for the coalition to have amongst its members states that support terrorism or advocate for it in their media,’ said Egyptian Foreign Ministry spokesman Ahmed Abu Zeid, who is heading the Egyptian delegation in Washington. ‘The decision by Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain to boycott Qatar -a coalition member- is in accordance with that principle,’ he said in a statement.”
Reuters: Egypt’s Sisi Says Will Bring Italian Student’s Killers To Justice
“Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi assured a delegation of Italian lawmakers on Tuesday that his government was committed to bringing to justice those responsible for the murder of an Italian student in Cairo last year. Giulio Regeni was found murdered in Cairo in February 2016 after the head of a Cairo street vendors’ union reported him to police a few weeks before his death. The 28-year-old, who was conducting postgraduate research into Egyptian trade unions, was last seen by friends on Jan. 25, 2016. His body, showing signs of extensive torture, was found in a roadside ditch outside Cairo on Feb. 3.”
Reuters: Electronics Ban On Egypt-U.S. Flights To Be Lifted Wednesday
“A three-month-old ban on taking electronic devices such as laptops into aircraft cabins on flights from Egypt to the United States will be lifted on Wednesday, EgyptAir [EGY.UL] Chairman Safwat Musallam said on Tuesday. On March 25, the United States banned electronic devices larger than a mobile phone from cabins on direct flights to the United States from 10 airports in the Middle East, North Africa and Turkey. ‘The ban on taking laptops and other electronic devices aboard aircraft cabins on EgyptAir flights to New York will be lifted as of tomorrow and for a year or until another emergency amendment is introduced,’ Musallam said in a statement. A similar ban on flights to London was still in effect, he added.”
Middle East
Haaretz: Anti-Terror Fantasy Camps Are Popping Up Throughout Israel And The West Bank – And Tourists Are Eating It Up
“In real life they are accountants, bankers and business executives. Some have already reached retirement age. Today, these tourists from Hong Kong are pretending to be Israeli army commandos, specialists in counterterrorism. As their Rambo-like trainer barks out orders, they move their assault rifles into position and, using the Hebrew word for fire, repeat after him: ‘Esh. Esh.’ ‘Louder,’ he demands. ‘I can’t hear you guys. Don’t be so politically correct.’ ‘Esh. Esh,’ they shout back, this time upping the volume. By the time they’ve shot a few rounds of real bullets at their targets, they appear to be much less inhibited. In fact, they seem to be enjoying themselves.”
The Jerusalem Post: Stabbing Incident In Northern Israel Leaves One Man Moderately Injured
“A 63-year-old man was stabbed Wednesday night in the northern Israel city of Hadera and was evacuated to a nearby hospital for further medical treatment, Magen David Adom said. The man, who is in moderate condition, suffered an injury to his upper body. While more details have yet to emerge, it appears that the incident was of a criminal background.”
Daily Mail: Libya Clashes Leave Four Dead East Of Tripoli: Ministry
“Clashes between forces loyal to Libya’s unity government and rival fighters east of Tripoli have left four people dead including at least two civilians, the health ministry said. Another 21 people were wounded in the fighting on Sunday and Monday in Garabulli about 60 kilometres (40 miles) east of the capital, the ministry said overnight on Facebook. Two foreign workers, whose nationalities were unclear, were among those killed, it said. Clashes broke out on Sunday evening between forces loyal to the Government of National Accord and fighters aligned with former prime minister Khalifa Ghweil who refuses to recognise the UN-backed government in Tripoli, witnesses said.”
The Washington Post: Libya’s Coast Guard Abuses Migrants Despite E.U. Funding And Training
“The video showed a small rubber dinghy crowded with terrified migrants. Next to it, a uniformed man in a Libyan coast guard boat was yelling and wielding a bullwhip. The whip slithered through the air and struck a shirtless migrant. The Libyan cracked the whip again, forcing some of the panicked migrants to fall into the sea and struggle to clutch the side of the boat. ‘We have to punish them to make them calm down,’ said Ramzi Ali, a member of the coast guard unit, shrugging after playing the video on his cellphone. ‘We need to keep control. They can take our life.’”
Newsweek: Boko Haram Execute Eight In Nigeria After Villagers Row With Islamic Police Over Sharia Law
“Boko Haram militants in Nigeria executed eight villagers in the West African country after they allegedly tried to fight off the group’s hardline Islamic police. A video released by the Islamist group showed eight people blindfolded and lying face down. A man in a white turban told a crowd that the people were ‘apostates [who] have left the fold of Islam.’ Four masked gunmen shot the people at close range as the crowd cheered, AFP reported on Tuesday. Boko Haram—which means ‘Western education is forbidden’—launched a war against the Nigerian government in 2009. It has since killed tens of thousands and displaced millions in a bid to create an extremist caliphate in northeast Nigeria.”
United Kingdom
BBC News: Briton Luke Rutter Killed Fighting IS In Syria
“A 22-year-old British man has been killed fighting against so-called Islamic State in northern Syria, Kurdish fighters have said. Luke Rutter, of Birkenhead, Merseyside, was killed on 6 July in a neighbourhood south of Raqqa, they said. In a statement, the Kurdish YPG fighters said he had been killed ‘during the big campaign to liberate Raqqa from the terrorism of IS’. Mr Rutter’s family said they did not wish to comment. He is the fourth British man to be killed while fighting against IS in Syria. BBC News correspondent Emma Vardy said an eyewitness who had been close by told her Mr Rutter had not been killed during a planned operation, but had died in what he described as an ambush.”
The Jerusalem: Berlin Mayor Rapped For Terrorist Group Fund-Raising Event
“Berlin Mayor Michael Müller was under fire on Monday for failing to stop a local fund-raising event for the terrorist organization the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). The pro-PFLP event was organized by the Democratic Committee of Palestine and reportedly took place in the publishing house of the socialist newspaper Neues Deutschland (New Germany) on Saturday. ‘The PFLP should be banned from staging events anywhere in the world,’ Dr. Efraim Zuroff, head of the Jerusalem office of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, told The Jerusalem Post on Monday. Zuroff, Wiesenthal Center chief Nazi-hunter, said, ‘The mayor should have said he found this offensive. The PFLP has murdered innocent civilians in many places.’”
The Atlantic: Will France’s State Of Emergency Become Permanent?
“Last Thursday, France’s parliament voted to extend the country’s national state of emergency for the sixth time, leaving in place what has been its longest uninterrupted state of emergency since the Algerian War of the 1960s. In a parliamentary address last Monday, French President Emmanuel Macron pledged to ‘restore the liberties of the French’ by lifting the order and replacing it with a new, more permanent counterterrorism law. The legislation, which is expected to be taken up by both houses of parliament in the coming months, will ‘explicitly target terrorists to the exclusion of all other Frenchmen,’ Macron told lawmakers in a rare address at the Palace of Versailles. The measure, he added, will include ‘full and permanent respect for [France’s] constitutional requirements and … traditions of freedom.’”
Reuters: Trump, France’s Macron To Discuss Syria And Terrorism During Paris Visit
“U.S. President Donald Trump will discuss Syria and counterterrorism when he meets with French President Emmanuel Macron in Paris later this week, a White House official said on Tuesday. Trump was invited to France to celebrate July 14 Bastille Day festivities. During his trip, Trump and Macron will also hold a bilateral meeting and participate in a joint news conference. ‘I would characterize the relationship between the two of them as being very positive,’ the White House official said. ‘There are some issues where we see the world a little bit differently, but many issues where we see the world more or less the same.’”
Terror Financing
Addiyar: Banking official: Arab banks are not involved in financing of terrorism
“Wissam Fattouh, the Secretary General of the Union of Arab Banks (UAB), said that the Arab banking sector has not financed terrorist operations. He made this comment during a press conference held on the sidelines of the Forum for the Enhancement of Financial Stability organized by the UAB in Egypt’s Sharm El-Sheikh. He stressed that international regulators have not detected or proven the involvement of any Arab bank in the financing of terrorism. He stated: “The financing of terrorism can come from dirty money or clean money. Terrorism is a doctrine. The private sector must cooperate with the public sector, especially with the banking sector, security services and judiciary, to combat terror financing and the transfer of its funds across countries.”
Elfagr: A new report on ISIS schemes after its recent defeats
“The Fatwa Monitoring Observatory at Egypt’s Dar al-Iftaa claimed that the defeat of ISIS in its strongholds in Al-Raqqa and Mosul, in addition to its ongoing defeats in Libya, open the door to the group, in the upcoming months, to resort to clandestine activities, using its extensive network of connections. It will therefore concentrate on gnawing away at states and societies through a torrent of terrorist operations consistent with its strategy of nihilism and attrition. This modus vivendi will make it difficult to combat the organization and pursue it, because its cells and lone wolves have mastered the tactics of hit-and-run, evasion and concealment. The Observatory emphasized, in a new report, that what can help ISIS during this period is its technical cadres skilled in the use of new technology, Internet and social media. These means are used the most by the terror organization for recruiting militants and sleeper cells, and for the preparation and guidance of terrorist operations in various regions.”
Muslim Brotherhood
Akhbar Alasr: Experts: Muslim Brotherhood involved in supporting and financing terrorist groups in Sinai
“Investigation findings by the Public Prosecution, confessions made by terrorists and Takfiris in terror cases, and documented confessions by Muslim Brotherhood leaders all testify to the involvement of the group and its international arm in financing acts of terror in the Sinai Peninsula. Law experts and dissident leaders confirmed that the Brotherhood was involved in supporting and financing terrorist groups in Sinai. The experts noted that since the confessions made by the Brotherhood’s leaders from Sinai confirm their involvement in crimes of treason, they must be prosecuted. Meanwhile, an Egyptian newspaper published what it claimed as 10 pieces of evidence of the Brotherhood’s involvement in terrorist incidents in Sinai and its connection to terrorist attacks against military, police and judges in the peninsula.”
Dotmsr: Egyptian writer: Muslim Brotherhood relies on armed robbery to finance operations
“It is widely reported that organizations affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood often carry out armed robbery at currency exchange offices and money-transfer vehicles to cover their deficit caused by tightened controls on money transfers from abroad. In the years since the June 30th Revolution, numerous armed robberies have occurred during sporadically. With every successful security operation against the terrorist groups’ sources of funding, supported by regional and international forces, Brotherhood-affiliated cells were found to be implicated in the robberies. Dozens of clues attest to a political motive behind the robbery of Abdeen Exchange Co., which took place Tuesday. It is likely related to the current security situation and financial crunch of the violent organizations, due to cessation of the influx of money from Qatar.”
Elbalad: Egypt: Five Brotherhood members arrested in Aswan
“Security services in Aswan, in conjunction with the National Security and Public Security agencies, detained five members of the Muslim Brotherhood. This came following a joint operation carried out by the Criminal Investigation and National Security Department officers, supported by the Central Security Forces in Daraw Police Station, in northern Aswan. The detained Brotherhood members included one with a trade diploma, a clerk, a coffee shop owner, a social worker and a general supervisor, all of whom reside in Daraw. They tried to activate some of the group’s loyalists to carry out acts of sabotage aimed at state institutions, seeking to instigate chaos and carry out hostile acts against members of the armed forces and police.”


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